04.09.2019
 Essay on Lingustic

Section A: (60%)

Question 1: (10%)

Noun phrase (NP); Action-word phrase(VP); Epithete phrase(AdjP); Prepositional phrase (PP); Adverb phrase (AdvP) 1 )

2 .

a few.

4.

a few.

Reference:

phpSyntaxTree - drawing syntax woods made easy. " ironcreek. net:: welcome. D. p., in. d. Internet. 12 Sept. 2012..

Issue 2: (15%)

1 . while well- away as (comparative clause)

2 . while Rebecca is still football day and night (adverbial clause) - (contrast) three or more. unless you do have a Bachelor Level (adverbial clause) - ( condition) 5. that the misunderstanding was cleansed up (nominal clause) - (complement of adjective) 5. What the result would be (nominal clause) – (subject) 6th. what he did to bully his peers in the playground (nominal clause) – (direct object) 7. what made Jack modify his head suddenly (nominal clause) - (subject complement) 8. that his company has a liquidity problem (relative)

9. if I may pass the examination now (adverbial clause) -(concessive) 15. where the jogger is supposed to have gone down off the cliff (nominal clause) – (direct object) Issue 3: (10%)

1 . dried out – damp

2 . nephew - dad

3. settee (hyponym) - furniture (superordinat)

5. wealthy - affluent

five. law -- lore

Question 4: (10%)

1 . Contradiction

2 . Paraphrase

3. Paraphrase

4. Entailment

5. Conundrum

6. Entailment

7. Entailment

8. Entailment

9. Contradiction

10. Paraphrase

Question 5: (15%)

1 ) phrase

2 . brain

3. dependent

4. contrast

your five. independent

6. nominal

7. comparison

eight. polarity

being unfaithful. Interrogative

twelve. metonymy

10. semantic

doze. non-literal

13. metaphors

16. dysphemism

12-15. specialization

Section B: (40%)

Question six: (15%)

Dialect is used pertaining to interacting between people. The 2 common disposition types: a sign and very important that can be used for the act of speaking. To get indicative mood, it can be additional divided in declarative and interrogative. In the act of speaking, our company is either audio system or listeners. We can provide or get information or goods and services and these two these are known as commodities. Likewise, the orientation of giving or strenuous determines each of our roles whether are services or receivers. With the classification of products and positioning, four franche functions are set up: statement, question, offer and command. The declarative disposition is used express facts, feelings, opinions, etc . The communicative function provides statement. For instance , I bought a pink dress is an indicative clause that is one of the declarative disposition. The loudspeaker makes the declaration to give details. The loudspeaker is innately inviting the listener to obtain the information that the pink dress was brought by him/her. and so the role of he/she is a provider. Besides, this mood type can be divided into confident and unfavorable sentence, to get a positive phrase, such as I enjoy you is known as affirmative although the content with bad message including I do not really love you are known as negative sentence. The very important mood is utilized to give purchases or to generate request. The function from it is to provide command. The speaker requirements for services and goods and his/ her role is a receiver. Sort of the crucial mood: Close the door!, Prevent!, etc . The interrogative disposition is used to create inquiries. The communicative function is to inquire question. It's the combination of details (commodity) and demanding (orientation). So , the speaker can be described as receiver who demands intended for the information. You will find two types of interrogative terms: yes/ undoubtedly (polar type) and wh- question (non- polar type). We can just answer the polar type interrogative offer with yes/ no such as Are you completely happy? Yes, My spouse and i am. Wh- questions just like what, in which, who, etc, that are used for seeking information. We have to provide response with the specific info. Example of the wh- issue: Where do you go? I went to the game centre. Aside from the differential of speech functions, the difference among the list of three feeling types...

Sources: Semiotics pertaining to Beginners: Paradigmatic Analysis. (n. d. ). Aberystwyth University or college - Residence. Retrieved Sept. 2010 21, 2012, from http://www.aber.ac.uk/media/Documents/S4B/sem05.html

Motivation, Conventionalization, and Arbitrariness. (n. g. ). U-M Personal The net Server. Retrieved September twenty-two, 2012, via http://www-personal.umich.edu/~rburling/SantaFe.html

Characteristics of the Linguistic Sign. (n. d. ). Blank Subject - Home. Retrieved coming from http://phoenixandturtle.net/excerptmill/benveniste.htm

Saussure 's Lectures on Standard Linguistics. (n. d. ). Marxists Internet Archive. Retrieved September twenty two, 2012, from http://www.marxists.org/reference/subject/philosophy/works/fr/saussure.htm