Essay regarding Health and Social Care

What is dementia?

If you, or possibly a friend or relative, have already been diagnosed with dementia, you may be feeling anxious or perhaps confused. You may not know what dementia is. This kind of factsheet will need to help answer some of your questions. The term 'dementia' is used to describe the symptoms that arise when the mental faculties are affected by particular diseases and conditions. These include Alzheimer's disease and sometimesВ as a result ofВ a stroke. Dementia is modern, which means the symptoms can gradually become worse. How quickly dementia advances will depend on the consumer. Each person is exclusive and will encounter dementia within their own approach. Symptoms of dementia include:

• Loss of memory − for instance , forgetting the way in which home through the shops, or being unable to keep in mind names and places, or perhaps what happened before the same time • Disposition changes − particularly as areas of the brain that control feeling are affected by disease. People with dementia may also think sad, scared or furious about what is happening to them • Connection problems − a decline inside the ability to talk, read and write. Inside the later stages of dementia, the person affected will have complications carrying out each day tasks, and may become progressively dependent on other folks.

What causes dementia?

There are several illnesses and conditions that cause dementia. These include: • Alzheimer's disease − the most frequent cause of dementia. During the course of the disease the hormone balance and composition of the brain changes, leading to the loss of life of brain cells • Vascular disease − the brain relies on a network of vessels to get it oxygen-bearing blood. In the event the oxygen source to the human brain fails, mind cells probably die which can cause the symptoms of vascular dementia. These types of symptoms can happen either suddenly, following a cerebrovascular accident, or over period through a series of small cerebral vascular accidents • Dementia with Lewy bodies − this form of dementia gets thier name from very small spherical constructions that develop inside neurological cells. All their presence in the brain causes the degeneration of head tissue. Recollection, concentration and language skills will be affected. This form of dementia shares a lot of characteristics with Parkinson's Disease • Fronto-temporal dementia (including Pick's disease) − in fronto-temporal dementia, harm is usually targeted in the front part of the human brain. At first, persona and conduct are more affected than memory.

Rarer factors behind dementia

There are plenty of other scarcer diseases that cause dementia, including accelerating supranuclear palsy, Korsakoff's problem, Binswanger's disease, HIV and AIDS, and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). Individuals with multiple sclerosis, motor neurone disease, Parkinson's disease and Huntington's disease may also be more likely to develop dementia.

Mild intellectual impairment

Some people may have difficulty remembering to do things, yet a doctor may feel that the symptoms are generally not severe enough to warrant the associated with Alzheimer's disease or another type of dementia. The moment this condition occurs, some doctors will use the word 'mild cognitive impairment' (MCI). Recent research has shown a small number of people with MCI provide an increased risk of progressing to Alzheimer's disease. However , the conversion level from MCI to Alzheimer's is little (10-15 per cent), and so a diagnosis of MCI would not always imply that the person goes on to develop Alzheimer's.

Who have gets dementia?

• There are about 750, 1000 people in britain with dementia • Dementia mainly affects older people. Yet , it can affect younger persons: there are above 16, 500 people in the united kingdom under the associated with 65 that have dementia • Dementia may affect men and women

• Experts are examining the hereditary background to dementia. It can do appear that in a few uncommon cases the diseases that cause dementia can be passed down. Some people using a particular innate make-up include a higher risk than others of developing dementia.

Can dementia be...